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Croatia is located in south-eastern Europe and borders with Slovenia, Hungary, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Serbia, Montenegro and has a sea border with Italy.

The territory of what is today the Republic of Croatia was part of the Austro-Hungarian Empire until 1918 when World War I ended.

In 1918, the Croats, Serbs and Slovenians formed a kingdom which became Yugoslavia after 1929. Following World
War II, Yugoslavia became a federative communist country.

In 1991, Croatia became an independent democratic state. Today, Croatia is a member of NATO and a candidate for EU accession.

Geographically, Croatia is divided into three large natural and geographic regions:
  • The Pannonia and peripannonic region is located in the eastern and north-western part of the country. This part of the country is dominated by plains and hills covered by thick oak forests. The region is suitable for agriculture and cattle breeding. The far north-western part of the region is a thriving industrial area.
  • The mountain region in central Croatia connects continental and coastal Croatia. This is a predominantly mountainous region, rich in forests, vast fields and it also has several rivers.
  • The Adriatic region includes a narrow coastal strip, separated from the hinterland by high mountains. This strip stretches along the Adriatic Sea, from Istria in the north to Komiža in the south. The climate is predominantly Mediterranean, favourable for growing Mediterranean cultures (olives, citrus fruit, grapes).

This area is divided geographically into the northern part (Istria and Kvarner) and the southern part (Dalmatia).

The Croatian coast is the second most indented European coast (second only to Norway’s). It has 1246 islands, islets and reefs, and its total length (including both the land and islands) is 5835 km.

The largest Croatian island is Krk (410 km2), while the other large islands are Cres (405.7 km2), Brač (395 km2), Hvar (300 km2), Pag (285 km2) and Korčula (276 km2).
The exceptional beauty and preserved nature of the coastal region have enabled the development of tourism, which is the most important branch of the country’s economy.